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McKnight Senior Investigator Awards


1997-1999

William A. Catterall, Ph.D., University of Washington
Functional Significance of Neuromodulation of Brain Sodium Channels

Peter Dallos, Ph.D., Northwestern University
Motility Motors of Cochlear Outer Hair Cells

Norman Davidson, Ph.D., California Institute of Technology
Adenovirus Mediated Gene Transfer and the Study of Synaptic Plasticity

Richard H. Goodman, M.D., Ph.D., Oregon Health & Science University
Transcriptional Signal Integration in Drosophila

Eric I. Knudsen, Ph.D., Stanford University School of Medicine
Mechanisms of Learning in the Auditory System of the Owl

Lynn T. Landmesser, Ph.D., Case Western Reserve University
Adhesion Molecules and Synaptic Plasticity in Mammals

Irwin B. Levitan, Ph.D., Brandeis University
Association of Ion Channels with Signaling Proteins: Role in Neuronal Plasticity

Fernando Nottebohm, Ph.D., The Rockefeller University
Genes that Determine Memory Duration

Joshua R. Sanes, Ph.D., Washington University School of Medicine
Development of an Interneuronal Cholinergic Synapse: Bridge from Neuromuscular Junction to Brain

Brian A. Wandell, Ph.D., Stanford University School of Medicine
Plasticity in Visual Cortex

1994-1996

Denis A. Baylor, M.D., Stanford University School of Medicine
Molecular Mechanism of Visual Transduction

Seymour Benzer, Ph.D., California Institute of Technology
Neurogenetics of Degeneration in the Drosophila Brain

William A. Harris, Ph.D., University of California, San Diego
Molecular Pathways of Neurogenesis

Stephen F. Heinemann, Ph.D., The Salk Institute for Biological Studies
The Role of Glutamate Receptor Activation in Long-term Potentiation and Learning

Arthur Karlin, Ph.D., Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
Structures of the Channel and Gate in Ionotropic Neurotransmitter Receptors

Story C. Landis, Ph.D., Case Western Reserve University
Cell-Cell Interactions that Modulate Synaptic Function and the Molecules Mediating Them

Ken Nakayama, Ph.D., Harvard University
Visual Memory and Saccadic Eye Movements

Elio Raviola, M.D., Ph.D., Harvard Medical School
Genetic Histochemistry of Neural Networks

David L. Sparks, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania Medical Center
Signal Transformations in the Oculomotor System

Richard W. Tsien, Ph.D., Stanford University School of Medicine
Expression of Cloned Ca 2+ Channels with Altered Functional Properties in Neurons

1991-1993

Seymour Benzer, Ph.D., California Institute of Technology
Neurogenetics of Degeneration in the Drosophila Brain

Pietro De Camilli, M.D., Yale University School of Medicine
Pathophysiology of GABA-secreting Cells

Claude P.J. Ghez, M.D., Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene
Sensory Mechanisms in Multijoint Movement Control

Stephen F. Heinemann, Ph.D., The Salk Institute for Biological Studies
Structure, Function, and Regulation of the Glutamate Receptors

Bertil Hille, Ph.D., University of Washington School Medicine
Modulatory Actions of Neurotransmitters

David H. Hubel, M.D., Harvard Medical School
Studies of Area 18 (V-2) in Normal and Visually Deprived Primates

Uel J. McMahan, II, Ph.D., Stanford University School of Medicine
Formation and Maintenance of Postsynaptic Apparatus in the Central Nervous System

Ricardo Miledi, M.D., University of California, Irvine
Structure and Function of GABA Receptors from Brain and Retina

Larry R. Squire, Ph.D., University of California, San Diego
The Anatomy of Memory: An Animal Model of Ischemia in the Monkey

Nobuo Suga, Ph.D., Washington University School of Medicine
Cortical Processing of Biologically Important Complex Sounds

1988-1990

Ira B. Black, M.D., Cornell University Medical College
Neurotransmitter Plasticity at the Molecular Level

Joseph T. Coyle, M.D., The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
TS-16 Mouse: Genetic Model for Down's Syndrome/Alzheimer's Disease

Gerald D. Fischbach, M.D., Washington University School of Medicine
Synapse Formation: Induction of Postsynaptic Chemoreceptors

Bertil Hille, Ph.D., University of Washington Medical School
Modulatory Actions of Neurotransmitters

Masakazu Konishi, Ph.D., California Institute of Technology
Neural Correlates of Birdsong Learning

Paul Patterson, Ph.D., California Institute of Technology
The Molecular Determinants of Axon Growth and Differentiation

Michael G. Rosenfeld, M.D., University of California, San Diego
Molecular Mechanisms of Regulated Gene Expression in the Brain

Dennis J. Selkoe, M.D., Brigham and Women's Hospital
Beta-amyloid Precursors in Brain Aging and Alzheimer's Disease

Larry R. Squire, Ph.D., University of California, San Diego
The Anatomy of Memory: An Animal Model of Ischemia in the Monkey

Richard F. Thompson, Ph.D., University of Southern California
Mammalian Brain Substrates of Associative Learning and Memory

1985-1987

Ira B. Black, M.D., Cornell University Medical College
Neurotransmitter Plasticity at the Molecular Level

Joseph T. Coyle, M.D., The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
TS-16 Mouse: Genetic Model for Down's Syndrome and Alzheimer's Disease

James Douglass, Ph.D., Oregon Health & Science University
Development of Gene Transfer Methods to Study Expression of Neuropeptide Genes and Receptor Genes

Gerald D. Fischbach, M.D., Washington University School of Medicine
Synapse Formation: Induction of Postsynaptic Chemoreceptors

Ann M. Graybiel, Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Functional Studies of the Striatum in Relation to Its Dopamine-containing Innervation and Modular Architecture

Marek-Marsel Mesulam, Ph.D., Beth Israel Hospital
Intracortical Distribution of Cholinergic Innervation

Paul H. Patterson, Ph.D., California Institute of Technology
The Molecular Determinants of Axon Growth and Differentiation

Michael G. Rosenfeld, M.D., University of California, San Diego
Molecular Mechanisms of Regulated Gene Expression in the Brain

Charles F. Stevens, M.D., Ph.D., Yale University School of Medicine
Neuromodulatory Mechanisms of Information Storage

Richard F. Thompson, Ph.D., University of Southern California
Mammalian Brain Substrates of Associative Learning and Memory

1984-1988

Robert D. Terry, M.D., and Peter Davies, Ph.D., Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Biochemical and Immunocytochemical Studies of Alzheimer's Disease

1981-1983

Robert D. Terry, M.D., Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Human Brain Neuropeptides and Memory Dysfunction

1980-1985

Samuel H. Barondes, M.D., University of California, San Francisco
Role of Lectins in Nervous System Differentiation

Paul Greengard, Ph.D., The Rockefeller University
Phosphorylated Proteins and Brain Function

Eric Kandel, M.D., Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
A Cell Biological Approach to the Study of Memory and Learning

Fred Plum, M.D., Cornell University Medical College
To Coordinate, Intensify, and Enlarge Clinical and Fundamental Studies on Memory and Cognition Disorders

Michael L. Shelanski, M.D., Ph.D., New York University Medical Center
Biochemical Studies on Human Dementing Illnesses

Solomon H. Snyder, M.D., The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Neurotransmitter Disposition and Basic Mechanisms Underlying Learning and Memory

1977-1980

Samuel H. Barondes, M.D., University of California, San Diego
Role of Lectins in Nervous System Differentiation

Paul Greengard, Ph.D., The Rockefeller University
Phosphorylated Proteins and Brain Function

Eric Kandel, M.D., Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
A Cell Biological Approach to the Study of Memory and Learning

James L. McGaugh, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine
Relationship of Brain State to Facilitation and Disruption of Learning and Memory

Fred Plum, M.D., Cornell University Medical College
To Coordinate, Intensify, and Enlarge Clinical and Fundamental Studies on Memory and Cognition Disorders

Victor E. Shashoua, Ph.D., Massachusetts General Hospital
Biochemical Basis of Memory

Michael L. Shelanski, M.D., Ph.D., New York University Medical Center
Biochemical Studies on Human Dementing Illnesses

Solomon H. Snyder, M.D., The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Neurotransmitter Disposition and Basic Mechanisms Underlying Learning and Memory

Thoralf M. Sundt, Jr., M.D., Mayo Medical School
Biochemical and Structural Approach to Dementia